propagation means to reproduce, this is a common term used by gardeners
in the plant world. Roses can be reproduced or propagated from seed or
by cuttings from an existing rose. Both of these methods will work very
well when propagating
genetic blend of two plants that mate. Pollen that fertilizes a flower
on one plant may not have come from the same plant, it may have come
from another. When using the cutting method the rose will be the exact
duplicate or copy from which it was taken from.
method is the most common way of propagating roses most home gardener's
seed can be done, but it is mostly used by
commercial rose growers.
new roses from cuttings
is best to propagate new roses from cuttings
in springtime, when roses are healthy and the weather is not extremely
hot. The rose you intend to propagate should have young, tender shoots.
Choosing old woody stems do not work or grow well. Find a young stem
that does not have a bud on it, if you cannot find one without a bud
carefully remove the bud. Using a very sharp knife, cut the young shoot
4 to 6 inches long. Find a clean area in your rose
garden site and plant the
cutting 1 to 2 inches deep, making sure the flowerbed is free of weeds or
other plants. Plan ahead, it needs to be placed where it will
permanently stay and not have to be transplanted at a later date,
causing shock and killing the cutting. Water the cutting well, place
some type of cover over it like a plastic or glass jar.
This will act like a greenhouse, keeping the temperature at a higher
level at night encouraging better growth. It will also retain moisture
and humidity. It is recommended that you start several cuttings due to
a low success rate for new or inexperienced growers. This will ensure a
better survival rate for your cuttings.
your cutting every
several days is recommended to ensure there is enough moisture in the
soil. If you find the soil is dry, water. The new roots on the cutting
will not be deep and need to be kept moist. Using a small amount of
fertilizer for roses
can also help, but is
not a requirement. If the
temperature reaches 75 degrees or higher during the day remove the
covering and replace it at night.
You may think your rose cutting is not doing anything or
dead, because you see no new growth, do not worry the cutting is just
dormant. Most of the growing at this time is happening under the
The cutting is placing all it's energy on it's root system and after
several weeks you should see the cutting develop new growth.
you see that your new rose is growing,
remove the covering and do not replace it. Normal care and maintenance
should be followed from this point on.
people do not know that
roses produce seeds like many other flowers. Leaving a spent rose bloom
on a bush will produce a round bulb called a "rose hip". A mature
will contain seeds to grow new roses. Botanists use these seeds to
develop new varieties or hybrids of roses.
There are a number of names for
rose hips, including pixie pears, pig noses, rose haw and they are also
called the fruit of the rose. Rose hips are edible and have some
medicinal value. Rose hips contain more vitamin C than citrus fruit.
Rose hips have been used to fight infection
like bladder and urinary tract infections. They can reduce stress,
strengthen the heart, treat headaches and dizziness. Rose hips are
usually steeped in teas and drank. They can also be made into jellies,
jams, sauces and syrups. Harvest the hips after the first frost,when
they have turned bright red.
roses takes time and
learning a little more about it will help. The following web site gives
more information and pictures on how to propagate roses.
the web site at: http://scvrs.homestead.com/Cuttings1.html
and photos may not be copied or used
without express written permission.